Brazil nuts

  • Brazil nuts grow only in the intact rainforest.
  • Zafreros (collectors) collect the nuts in the undergrowth.
  • Brazil nut capsules weigh up to 1.5 kg.
  • The capsules are broken open with a machete.
  • The 15 to 24 kernels are individually protected by a hard shell.
  • The Brazil nuts are collected in sacks and transported to the nearest storehouse.
  • Hylea employees go to work with great experience and care.
  • The Brazil nuts are dried, cracked and packed in factories.
  • Strict quality controls guarantee highest quality.



Premium organic Brazil nuts


In an area of about 220,000 hectares largely covered by rainforest live 15 indigenous communities with which Hylea cooperates as partners: More than 1,000 collectors are busy during the harvest period col¬lecting the capsules which contain the nuts and delivering them to our collecting stations. In this way we secure part of their regular income.

Brazil nut trees (Bertholletia excelsa) cannot be grown on plantations, but depend on the complex ecosys¬tem of natural forests. They live and thrive only in symbiosis with a large number of plants and animals. Above all, Brazil nut trees are dependent on the female orchid bee (Euglossa): only this bee is able to pollinate the large yellow tree blossoms with its long tongue. Furthermore, this species of bee does not live in colonies and so could not be kept on plantations.

The round dark brown capsules ripen during the rainy season. They reach a diameter of up to 16 centime-tres and weigh up to one and a half kilograms. When they are ripe they fall from the tree and are collected by hand. The ripening season lasts up to half a year. Direct harvesting from the tree is not possible.

With a machete, a knife with a blade up to 50 centimetres long, a worker breaks the capsule open to reach the 15 to 24 nuts. The nuts themselves are individually protected by a very hard shell.

The whole of the processing chain is organized in accordance with strict ecological criteria and guarantees the highest quality. We mainly export our Brazil nuts to North America and Europe.


Ecological aspects:

  • Plantation forestry not possible
  • Making sustainable use of natural resources and thus protecting the ecosystem
  • Harvesting in natural forests in harmony with nature
  • Environmentally friendly farming methods
  • Informing the population
  • Organic certification of forests and production
  • “Saviour of the rainforest“


Social aspects:

  • Income dependency of the rural population
  • Improving living conditions in the whole region prevents rural exodus and eliminates the necessity of overexploitation
  • The purchase of Brazil nuts secures sustainable employment for the rural population


Economic aspects

  • Worldwide production of Brazil nuts 23,000 – 25,000 t/year
  • 70 – 80 % of production from Bolivia
  • 70 % of production from Pando Department alone
  • The Brazil nut tree is the economically most important plant in the Amazon basin
  • > 6,300 households in Pando are dependent on the Brazil nut harvest
  • > 15,000 collectors
  • Harvest period from December to April
  • Fair, responsible prices for the raw goods


Hylea can apply its sustainable structures in new indigenous communities and act in the same way in these for the people and nature. Our growth structure supports positive economic and social development in the region.



Brazil nuts are healthy!
Brazil nuts are a very healthy natural product and particularly rich in minerals, but also unsaturated fatty acids. They are an excellent source of energy.


Nutritional value




Fat (total)





Calcium (Ca)

Iron (Fe)

Magnesium (Mg)

Phosphorus (P)

Potassium (K)

Sodium (Na)

Zinc (Zn)

Copper (Cu)

Manganese (Mn)

Selenium (Se)

Vitamin C




Pantothenic acid

Vitamin B6




Vitamin E (alpha-tocopherol)

Tocopherol, gamma

Tocopherol, delta0

Average per 100 grams

3,48 g

2.743 kJ, 656 kcal

14,32 g

66,43 g

3,51 g

12,27 g

7,5 g

2,33 g

160,0 mg

2,43 mg

376,0 mg

725,0 mg

659,0 mg

3,0 mg

4,06 mg

1,743 mg

1,223 mg

1.917,0 µg

0,7 mg

0,617 mg

0,035 mg

0,295 mg

0,184 mg

0,101 mg

22,0 µg

28,8 mg

0,4 mg

5,73 mg

7,87 mg

0,77 mg


Paranuss-Investition hier anfragenOrder Brazil nuts here

The Brazil nut market:

Production basis of Brazil nuts in 2014

(This diagram shows the average production quantity)

Market – edible tree nuts

(figures in tons)Markt-essbare_Nüsse

Brazil nut customers